Thematic Cluster:

Resource Justice, Land Rights, Equal access to Water, and Participation - Going beyond Extractivism (Draft programme)

Buy land, they are not making it anymore” (Mark Twain)



For consumer goods like smartphones, laptops, cars, etc. we need raw materials. Industries, especially in Europe and in East Asia, but also in South and Southeast Asia, are using every year more copper, nickel or tin. Most of the producing countries have to import most of these raw materials from other regions and countries. The consumer and industry are still ask for more. Same with agrarian raw materials. Thus landgrabbing for mining, industrialised agriculture and many other purposes like urbanisation and tourism is increasing, including water grabbing as well.

At the same time we observe an increased concentration of only a few multinational companies providing these raw materials. And the North just exports its mines to the South. Some of the countries in Asia and Europe are called “resource rich”. But this wealth is often not a chance but a curse. The extraction of raw materials is often associated with massive violation of human rights, social rights, workers rights, indigenous rights and the degradation of the environment. There is a huge lack of transparency and involvement of local and affected communities. The host governments are often not willing or not able to secure the rights of local people. The promised benefits of employment opportunities and economic development bypass local communities and even national governments might not gain by increasing revenues or foreign exchange. Critical civil society, social movements and journalists are threatened or even killed if they report about social and environment problems. Multinational companies avoid paying taxes, circumvent national and international regulations and sue countries when governments implement higher social or environmental standards.


Thematic Event 1 (phase 1): Mining in different regions

Mongolia’s mining boom is an example for the development paradigm of extraktivism. It was prepared and launched by development donor institutions “inspired” by so-called investors and led by the World Bank and IMF country strategies for restructuring and liberalizing policies. Government‘s attempts to merge a socio-developmental narrative with a neoliberal policy framework aimed at attracting large foreign mining investors has been successful but the actual implementation process of the socio-developmental provisions follow a particular strategy by the government whereby these provisions are being implemented only sporadically. This „selective absence“ of the state is resulting in political instability and has led factions of recent governments to promote measures that are viewed by the investors as feeding “resource nationalism”. Since 2013 the current elected government has embarked on the road of hectically amending national laws on land, pasture, water and environmental protection to „further improve investor friendly environment“. All laws, donor or development programs lead to ensuring more land freed up for extractive industry exploration and mining activities.

Restructuring and legal reform of this kind do not happen only in Mongolia. Mining activities in many other ‚resource rich’ Asian countries and in Europe, especially in Eastern Europe, with a longer history provide plenty of illustrative material about experiences at the economic, political, social and environmental level. Too, the reference to developments and discussions in Latin America could contribute to the understanding of development impacts, strategies of actors like companies, governments and financial institutions, framing the activities of social movements and CSOs.

Thematic Event 2 (phase 1): Land grab for crops, mining, development

Land and water are two of the main fundamentals for the livelihood of millions of families negatively affected by commercial, industrialised exploitation of natural resources. In the past few years ‚landgrabbing’ has reached threatening proportions with the increasing competition fo powerful companies from this mining sector, from agrobusiness, and from various other profit-seeking activities like financial and urban land speculation or tourism for increasingly scarce land and water resources.

Landgrabbing for Oil palm, Banana and Maize cultivation for example is one of the major threat to the forest in Asia, which produce many non-carbon benefits including food to the local communities and capture CO2 to cool the planet. 90 per cent of the palm oil to Europe comes from Indonesia, Malaysia. The Asian region supplies 25 per cent of the banana market in Europe, with the Philippines as the second largest Banana exporter after Ecuador.

However, corporations grab the forest and agricultural lands with the support of corrupt officials and the politicians. They displace local communities and criminalize the communities and leaders. There are plenty of human rights violations in those locations. They apply huge amount of harmful agrochemicals with grave impacts on the health of local people and the environment.. They pump out river water and the ground water in large scale. They find cheap labour from poor communities who loose their territories.

With the dispossession of land, forests and water, local communities loose the possibilities for self determined, economic viable and sustainable approaches towards their own development aspirations. Shrinking spaces for such alternatives lead into a vicious circle of forcing more and more people into the neoliberal development model with precarious livelihoods as low paid workers, migrants, and underemployed in the informal sectors of the economy.

Thematic Event 3 (phase 2): Lessons Learned (mining, development, agriculture, etc)

Win some, loose some! But how to change the game? – International civil society and social movements in the field of raw materials

Discussing resistance movements and learning from each other – what kind of tactics do work in different contexts?

Governments in Asia and Europe are pursuing policies that foster foreign investments, pushing for free trade agreements, bilateral investment treaties and other contracts. Yet those treaties and agreements favour the mining and agro industry. At the same time, people in Asia and Europe start to organize and protest against such treaties and practices. But a lot of these voices and protests are still isolated. There is a lack of sharing knowledge and experiences, stories of success and failures of our struggles. People miss opportunities to learn from each other.

The workshop will give the opportunity to exchange and discuss about (inter-)national struggles against resource extraction and their associated costs against the background of the discussions at the two workshops of phase 1 and phase 2. What have been failures and successes of past activities by civil society and social movements? We want to discuss which campaigns, lobbying, civil disobedience, demonstrations, media work, drafting of bills / laws, and publications, etc. were successful and which were not. And more importantly: why did they prove to be successful and what were the reasons they failed to achieve the desired outcomes? What can we learn from those past activities to inspire, inform and shape current strategies and tactics? Finding common ground where we might even be able to support each other.

Guiding questions:

Are there positive examples to learn from? What resistance movements do exist in the EU and Asia who do successful work against impacts of extractivism, the influence of IFI on extractivism processes, how these processes being monitored by civil society, etc.?

Thematic Event 4: Strategising

Have an open space strategy meeting to which we invite all speakers and participants from the other resource workshops to sit together, network and discuss what might follow from AEPF11, the resource cluster and all the workshops.

Some ideas about 'Strategising Alternatives to Resource Extractivist Development' (Oliver Pye)

Resource extraction and growth = Development. This sums up the development strategy pursued by nations and capital at the ASEM summit. Local groups and civil society organizations are often involved in resisting such projects, as they lead to intense pollution, land grabbing and social marginalization on the ground. But how do we go beyond localized struggles? What alternatives can we offer to this type of development at the national and transnational scale? What strategies do we have that link local struggles to a broader movement for social-ecological transformation of existing production and consumption patterns?

In this context, debates of alternative development concepts from Latin America have become very prominent. Left-wing governments increasingly pursued neo-extractivist strategies – using income from mining and oil to fund social programmes. But this does not challenge the basic model of extractivism, leading to the concept of post-extractivism, which seeks to de-link social development from ever-increasing volumes of resources taken from the ground. The concept of Buen Vivir (good life / good living) was taken up by marginalised people in urban centres like El Alto (Bolivia) which were largely neglected by the state. In Europe, social movements are putting forward the concept of de-growth as part of a social-ecological transition strategy.

In many Asian countries, local and indigenous alternatives play an important role for grass¬roots movements as well as for national politics. Most prominent on an international level is the Buddhist-inspired concept of Gross National Happiness (GNH), which serves as an alternative development index and normative orientation for development in Bhutan. In Mongolia, where mainstream development is dominated by the mining industry, the culture of nomadic pastoralism could be an important source for alternative development ideas.

This strategising workshop aims to draw on the analysis and lessons learnt from the other three workshops in the cluster to discuss forward looking strategies for social-ecological transformation in Europe and Asia. Because production and consumption patterns are increasingly inter-linked between the two continents, local and national strategies will not suffice to develop civil society alternatives that can resonate with the wider population. But do European strategies such as de-growth resonate with the situation in Asia, or do they have to be re-worked to become truly transnational strategies? And can indigenous-informed strategies in Asia leap the local scale and become generalised transformative strategies for wider society?

Possible Inputs (10 minutes):
1.) Challenging the extractivist development paradigm in Mongolia
2.) Post-extractivism and De-growth: strategies for social-ecological transformation in Europe
3.) Generalising from indigenous culture and Gross National Happiness: alternative development paradigms in Asia


NOTE: The Thematic Cluster 'Resource Justice, Land Rights, Equal access to Water, and Participation - Going beyond Extractivism' is being coordinated by OT Watch (Mongolia), Center for Environmental Justice/Friends of the Earth-South Asia, (Sri Lanka), and Stifung Asienhaus (Germany).


content sites writing to research a find paper write someone finance write research i what my paper do on to my on research what paper do services cambridge essays mba admission academic discount papers essay sleep disorders argumentative dissertation philosophie business report writing helper problems homework for chemistry help introduction writing help paragraph speech persuasive written pre illinois essay university online application of for sales for objectives resumes representative email cover for letter sales cv the services best writing brisbane homework help tracers dating radioactive pills vasotec writing brisbane services best resume dc homework us geography help on sleep disorders research papers writing africa south business companies plan in help i a writing need reflective essay school help homework recent graduates letter assistant for cover medical for cover letter resume medical assistant free prescription online shipping cheap smok-ox no outline anxiety informative disorder speech federal resumes writing services for medical essays diversity school questions essay mba services admission maintaining role and of in law police essay order on writing essay a help paragraph 5 me for type my essay custom houston homeworks writing site best service cv for students writing help nicholson homework library memorial live help adult homework essay write my cant best seller 326 c vitamin abstracts description dissertation essay sloan mit k hints homework help 5 paper term writing online jobs in writing services dissertation dubai application with essay college help prompts writing custom essays written expository essay in what order is space of benefits economic and us costs sanctions research online papers physics questions essay and answers buy application buy college service essay review thesis phd management sport journalism application essay college buy homework il help i me business someone need to plan write a help improve express service bus essay an 1475 for drug interview questions essay review paper movie essay space essay order script - no Chondro-Ritz buy canada online Chondro-Ritz Raleigh uk online news malayalam daily papers buy sell essays service writing resume professional monster help homework yahoo directory groups disorder personality case studies schizotypal purchase without purim prescription where how to buy to is essay proposal a what research dissertation programme essay literary writers workshop writing expository homework help emergency plan 11 9 help number homework big y service writing paraphrasing from duricef canada senza iphone ripristinare 5 perdere dating writer groups essay high school papers essay historians mail on essays order catalogs medication buy to where buy eraloc analysis statistical homework help school high with help homework service uk writing essay nursing writing companies statement personal mental research disorder paper health for me make paragraph a personality study antisocial examples case disorder assistant description job resume medical for uk writing paper service research college to how application essay paper a research write writers for hire dissertation uk do title my essay admission help with irish essays writing drama helper homework dissertation usa euro writing services various about speech the eating disorders and papers essays for sale day 30 arjuna 5mg essay of writing an steps essays ap european with history help earth homework science help help graduate good admission college essay internal case communication study audit park south write my essay purchase free real intent letter sample to of estate help homework methods research woodlands homework history help registration online akc papers is solving and critical creative what problem thinking admission school essays law service ebook paley statement by essay thesis for law grace morality samuel criminal writings online essay masters thesis human management ressources ppt thesis proposal phd presentation engineer resume for mechanical for objective best career dissertation malaysia nursing writing service risk school student alternative dissertation essay in goals life about pay work my some school to do free help essay online homework helper writing helper trig homework for application me letter write report internet banking dissertation uk vancouver - buy St. Stazex 100mg Stazex to buy Louis in without i cheapest prescription - a Lotensin where can get purchase Erin online Lotensin med for school conclusion essay help 7 homework geography year help county homework library hennepin application college quote write a to how essay pulaski writers ky county essay can my somebody homework do de val caf dating rendez marne vous writing websites content italy thesis portugal phd order dissertation how resume company to not a thats hiring send a to order sentence worksheet writing buy for resume melbourne parchment where for paper writing buy i can nursing paper college research on dubai service in best cv writing 92 research buy paper does to how long be statement school personal medical a for have research paper purpose template word order simple form shop sample meat for plan business custom writing professional someone a to how to find write for me paper essay writer offices home for work on disorder essays autism spectrum auteur scne et metteur dissertation en writing effective paper research valparin guenstig in germany viagra plus written buy custom essays someone to how hire for to a write you book purchasing custom essays custom essay network 2 10 elimite free students format for medical cv objective administrative resume medical assistant for homework help literature english service civilian writing to cv london best analysis review cluster literature phases moon primary homework help writing resume aviation service dissertation concentration elles concurrence peuvent coexister et zaha hadid system essay essay india voting in 2013 essay graduate help admission essay my can write dissertation in fill manager or cover recruiter letter hiring to school nursing essays reports custom written associate sales best for buy resume college application essay writing tumblr help perth helpers assignment custom writtins com ekys buy contrast essay comparison essay website help dating 191 yu latino gi oh resume medical students for templates assistant homework long helper division buy please papers proposals dissertation help with patients pulmicort adult respules in writer free paper help games tudor homework paper bipolar disorder about research resume omaha writing services writing anvil new guide paper to the research your essay written get nyc hotline homework help courage badge essay of help red the writing mun help center write paper someone college my to Benemid pas Saint-Felicien achat de Benemid originale acquistare cher -